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Biografiebi


artist Queen
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Queen: quini aris britanuli rok-jgufi, romelic moghvaweobda 1970-1991 wlebshi (fredi merkuris gardacvaleba miichneva bendis arsebobis dasasrulad, miuxedavad imisa, rom 1992 da 1995 wlebshi kidev ori axali studiuri albomi gamovida jgufis saxelit) mraval zhanrshi: arena roki, disko, glam roki, mdzime roki, msubuqi metali, pop roki, progresuli roki, fsiqodeliuri roki. bendis gavlenis shesaxeb sakutar shemoqmedebaze saubroben: def lepardi, fu faitersi, stivi vai, grin dei, ganz- en-rouziz, airon meideni, judas pristi,metalika, jorj maikli, merilin mensoni, miuzi, My Chemical Romance, smeshing pampkinsi. jgufs chawerili aqvs 15 studiuri da 3 Live albomi. bendis logo fredi merkurim sheqmna jgufis wevrebis astrologiuri nishnebisa da sxva simbolikis gamoyenebit. es pirveli albomis gamoshvebamde cota xnit adre moxda. yvela simbolos tavisi datvirtva aqvs: ori lomi jons da rojers aghnishnavs, kiborchxala-braians, ori feria ki fredis. mtlianobashi logo gaertianebuli samefos gerbisadmi msgavsebas amzhghavnebs, gansakutrebit ki lomebi ganapirobeben amas. bendma pirveli studiuri albomi gamoushva 1973 wels, romlis saxelic tviton jgufis saxelwodeba (Queen) gaxldat. es iyo albomi sadac mdzime roki scharbobda da mashindeli am zhanrshi moghvaze gavleniani shemsruleblebis efeqti chanda. magram es ar yofila araferi mibadzvis msgavsi. am albomit jgufi mtelma britanetma gaicno. meore albomi 1974 wels chaiwera da erti cnobili precedentisa ar iyos albomebis aseti numeraciisa, Queen II erqva. es iyo bendis yvelaze mdzime albomi, rtuli instrumentalita da mravlismomcveli lirikit. amave wels jgufma turne chaatara ashsh-shi, sadac mat daimkvirdes saxeli dzalzed energiuli laiv shemsruleblebisa. miuxedavad amisa am qveyanashi arc meore alboms moutnia finansuri warmateba pirvelis msgavsad. aseve 1974 wels gamosuli albomi, Sheer Heart Attack, jgufis mier chaweril pirvel klasikad aris michneuli. albomi moicavda metad mravalferovan kompoziciebs, dawyebuli baladebidan msubuqi metalit damtavrebuli. alboms didi warmateba xvda wilad ashsh-sa da mtels evropashi. britanetis chartebshi ki man pirveli adgili daikava. pirvelad aq gaiges bendis wevrebma ras nishnavda finansuri warmateba. albomshi shesuli simgheris, Stone Cold Crazy, qaver versiisatvis mogvianebit Metallica-m gremi daimsaxura. Def Leppard-is ert-ertma wevrma mogvianebit ganacxada, rom am albomis pirvelad mosmenisas sachestan ijda da imdenad gaerto da imdenad moeqca musikis gavlenis qvesh, rom sagzao patrulma gaachera da gamokitxva dauwyo, namdvilad kargad grdznobda tavs tu ara. am yvelafers 1975 wels A Night At The Opera-s gamosvla moyva. albomi gamovida iseti namushevrebis paralelurad rogorebicaa Led Zeppelin - Phisical Graffiti, Rainbow - Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow, Deep Purple - Come Taste The Band, Pink Floyd - Wish You Were Here, Black Sabath - Sabotage... da mainc hiti gaxda mtels msoflioshi. gansakutrebuli aghnishvnis ghirsia Bohemian Rhapsody, romelic fredi merkuris ekutvnis da msoflios ert-ert yvela drois sauketeso simgherad itvleba dghemde. aseve mnishvnelovani simgheraa Love Of My Life, romelis gansakutrebul zhgheradobac braian meis 12 simiani akustikuri gitaris damsaxurebaa. hanoveri, 1979 weli 1976 wels chawerili albomi A Day At The Races, dzalian hgavs yditac da shigtavsitac mis winamorbeds. albomi michneuli iqna rogorc A Night At The Opera-s gagrdzeleba da didi gaxmaureba moyva. masshi shesuli simghera Somebody To Love yuradghebas iqcevs gasaocari gunduri xmovanebit. amave wels quinma chaatara koncerti Hyde Park-shi, romelsac oficialurad 150 000 adamiani daeswro, araoficialuri monacemebit ki damswreta ricxvi 180 000-s aghwevda. 1977 wels gamosul alboms News Of The World kritikosebi sakmaod mkacrad shexvdnen, mogvianebit ki 70-ianebis ert- ert yvelaze gamorcheul albomad sheracxes hard rokshi. albomma didi gavlena moaxdina Arena Rock-is sheqmnaze. is sheicavda iset hitebs rogorebicaa We Are The Champions da We Will Rock You-s. orive matgani sheyvanilia saertashoriso sportuli himnebis siashi. 1978 wels dghis sinatle shemdegma studiurma albomma ixila. es iyo Jazz. albomshi shesulia iseti cnobili simgherebi rogorebicaa: Fat Bottomed Girls, Bicycle Race, Don't Stop Me Now, Mustapha... magram arcerti matgani araa jazis stilshi shesrulebuli. amaze Rolling Stones-ma dawera: "quins ar aqvs sakmarisi warmosaxva jazis dasakravad, amis gamo quins ar aqvs warmosaxva Rock N' Roll-is dasakravadac". 1979 wels jgufs studiuri albomi ar gamoushvia, magram mainc warmatebuli moghvaweobis wlad sheidzleba chaitvalos, radgan bendi momaval wels gamosashveb albomze mushaobda. paralelurad gamovida pirveli Live albomi Live Killers, romelic or gzis gaxda platinis albomi ashsh-shi. amave wels gamovida metad warmatebuli singli, Crazy Little Thing Called Love, romelic elvis preslis stilshi iyo shesrulebuli da didi mowoneba daimsaxura msmenelebisagan. bendma axali atwleuli komerciulad sakmaod momgebiani albomit daiwyo. 1980 wels gamoica albomi The Game. is ert-erti yvelaze kargad gayidvadi albomia jgufis istoriashi. is sheicavda ramodenime simgheras romlebic mogvianebit absoluturi hitebi gaxdnen: Crazy Little Thing Called Love, Another One Bites The Dust... albomi ashsh-shi chartebis pirvel adgilze rcheboda 4 kviris ganmavlobashi da 4 gzis platinadac iqca am drois ganmavlobashi. musikis istoriashi es ertaderti albomia, romelmac ertdroulad daikava pirveli adgili Billboard Rock, Dance da R&B chartebshi. am albomshi gamochnda sintezatori pirvelad. amave 1980 wels gamovida mxatvruli filmi Flash Gordon, romlistvisac jgufma sruli saundtrekebis albomi chawera. 1981 wels quinma pirveli dueti chawera. es iyo devid bouistan ertad shesrulebuli simghera Under Pressure. yvelaferi dzalian spontanurad moxda, roca Bowie shemtxvevit moxvda xmis chamwer studiashi sadac bendi mushaobda. tanamshromlobis shedegi shesanishnavi gamodga da simgheram advilad miaghwia pirvel adgils britanetis chartebshi. amave wels gamovida nakrebi simgherebis albomi Greatest Hits. albomi britanetis yvela drois yvelaze dayidvad albomad iqca. is mtlianobashi 5 407 587 egzemplarad gaiyida, rac 600 000 calit metia vidre uaxloesi konkurentis, bitlzis Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band–is, gayidvebi. 1982 wels gamovida Funk albomi Hot Space. albomshi shesulia dueti Under Pressure, da sxva aranakleb saintereso simgherebi. 1983 wlis ganmavlobashi bendma uari tqva yvela turneshi monawileobaze tu albomis gamoshvebaze da mtlianad gadaerto axali albomis chaweraze romelic momaval wels gamovida. 1984 wels gamoica albomi The Works. albomshi danarchenebtan ertad shedian: Radio Ga Ga da I Want To Break Free. miuxedavad amisa alboms didi finansuri warmateba ar moyolia. 1985 wels jgufma monawileoba miigho rok festivalshi Rock In Rio da 325 000 mayureblis winashe warsdga. amave wels gaimarta saqvelmoqmedo koncerti uemblis stadionze saxelwodebit Live Aid romelic ser bob geldofis iniciativit chatarda. mteli shemosavali qvelmoqmedebas moxmarda. quini iyo ertaderti bendi visac tavianti gamosvlis video gadaghebis ufleba misces. rogorc mashin ambobdnen quinma mteli shou "moipara". 1986 weli albat sauketeso iyo bendis istoriashi. gamovida albomi A Kind Of Magic. albomi sheicavda mraval gaxmaurebul simgheras: A Kind of Magic, Friends Will Be Friends. aseve oficialur saundtrekebs mxatvruli filmidan Highlander: Who Wants to Live Forever da Princes of the Universe. aseve amave wels gamovida meore Live albomi Live Magic. am wels bendma moawyo arsebobis istoriashi yvelaze didi turne The Magic Tour. turnes ganmavlobashi koncertebs daeswro 1 milionze meti adamiani, mat shoris 400 000 mxolod didi britanetshi, rac im droisatvis rekordi iyo. am wels uemblize gamartuli koncerti, romelac 120 000 mayurebeli daeswro, saocrad shtambechdavi sanaxaoba iyo. koncertis audio versia 1992 wels gamoica. 1989 wels albomi The Miracle iqna gamocemuli. I Want It All, Breakthru, The Invisible Man, Scandal, The Miracle da sxvebi aghiarebul hitebad iqcnen. bendma uari tqva albomis mxardasacheri turnes chatarebaze, ritac isargebles zhurnalistebma da daiwyes saubari bendis dashlis shesadzleblobebze. aseve gachnda mosazrebebi fredi merkuris janmrtelobis problemebis shesaxeb. am albomis shemdeg jgufma shecvala simgherebis weris taqtika. tu aqamde romelime konkretul simgheras erti wevri werda da danarchenebi mas mxolod exmarebodnen saboloo produqtis chamoyalibebashi, axla ukve yvela axal namushevars mtlianad quinis ertobliv namushevrad acxadebdnen. 1991 wels gamovida albomi Innuendo. albomi mraval shesanishnav namushevars sheicavda. aghsanishnavia ulamazesi simghera Innuendo, romelshic shesanishnavi gitaris partia da ramdenime gadasvlaa. aseve I'm Going Slightly Mad, Headlong, The Show Must Go On romlebic mogvianebit hitebad iqca. laparaki fredis avadmyofobis shesaxeb kidev ufro gaxshirda. amave wels gamoica meore nakrebi albomi Greatest Hits II. 1991 wlis 23 noembers fredim sajarod gamoacxara rom mas shidsi hqonda. am gancxadebin 24 saatis gasvlis shemdeg, 24 noembers, igi 45 wlis asakshi, londonshi, sakutar saxlshi mshvidad gardaicvala uaxloesi xalxis garemocvashi. igi zoroastrianuli wesit dakrdzales, kremacia chautares da ferfli ert-ert tbaze moabnies mshobliur zanzibarshi. 1992 wels uemblize chatarda saqvelmoqmedo koncerti The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert. masshi monawileobas ighebdnen bendis cocxali 3 wevri da uamravi msoflio donis varskvlavi. koncertis 92 000 bileti gayidvis dawyebidan 6 saatshi gatavda. koncerti shesulia ginesebis rekordebis wignshi, rogorc yvelaze shemosavliani saqvelmoqmedo koncerti romelic ert adamians miedzghvna. amoghebulma fulma 20 000 000 funti sterlingi sheadgina. 1995 wels ukanaskneli studiuri albomi Made In Heaven gamoica. albomshi shesulia iseti kompoziciebi romlebic chawerili iyo magram raghac mizezebis gamo ar iyo gamocemuli. masshi shesulia iseti simgherebi rogorebicaa: You Don't Fool Me, Too Much Love Will Kill You, Made In Heaven...
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